Arthritis in the first metatarsal phalangeal (MTP) or big toe joint is common, particularly as one begins to age. We use our feet to get us through life and normal walking, other movements, and wearing high heeled or improperly fitting shoes can stress the main joint of the big toe. Osteoarthritis or Hallux Rigidus is the most common arthritic condition affecting this joint and it can be quite painful and limit movement. The big toe may also become stiff and swollen. The best treatment for this condition is a fusion of the joint. The procedure fuses or welds together the two bones that make up the aching joint. It does not make the toe less stiff or restore motion, but it relieves the pain. An alternative procedure is a joint replacement of the big toe, but it is not ideal because the use of metal and plastic has not been successful in this type of joint replacement. It is not predictable in relieving pain, and repeated force on the joint with each step makes it less long-lasting than bigger joints, like the knee and hip. Options for treatment of a failed replacement are limited and may be replaced with bone grafting and joint fusion. If you suffer from pain in the joints of the big toe, consult with a podiatrist for the best treatment plan for you.
In certain cases, in which the patient suffers from extreme pain or damage in a joint, joint replacement surgery may be deemed useful. If you have constant pain in a foot joint, consult with Arthur Segall, Jr., DPM from Segall Foot and Ankle. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.
What Is Joint Replacement Surgery?
Over time, joints wear down; this can be exacerbated by diseases and conditions. Joint replacement surgery, also known as arthroplasty, is when a damaged joint is surgically removed and replaced with a prosthesis. Prostheses, which can be made of ceramic, plastic, or metal, act as joints in lieu of an actual joint. One of the most prevalent causes for joint replacement is arthritis.
Arthritis in the Foot
Arthritis can occur in any joint in the body, including in the feet. Common types of arthritis in the foot are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and gout. The big toe is usually where arthritis occurs in the foot; this is known as hallux rigidus.
Joint Replacement Surgery in the Foot
The most common form of joint replacement in the foot is a first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint placement. MTP joint replacement surgery is designed to treat hallux rigidus. Surgery is not intensive, and recovery occurs within one to two months after the procedure has been done. Overall, joint replacement surgery is a safe and effective way to treat pain in the joint of the foot.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Plantation, Ft. Lauderdale, and Margate, FL . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.